Modernism in the early 20th century has guiding principles of simplicity, utility and honesty, and pursues a uniformity of art and technique. In fact, a rarely known religious group, Shakers, has been living this lifestyle since the 18th century. Their beliefs are reflected in the well-made furnitures of minimalist designs. Shaker No.7 rocking chair, also called ladder-back chair, is one of the most classic furniture created by Shakers. It was created in 1850 in a Shaker Community in New Hampshire and is still popular after 150 years.
Windsor Chair was originally from Britain in the late 17th century and the early 18th century. The chair was named after the town of Windsor. It was imported into America in around 1730. Ever since then, Windsor Chair has become classic furniture of the country style. A Windsor chair is a chair built with a solid wooden seat. The back and legs of the chair are round-tenoned, or pushed into drilled holes. The chair is so comfortable and affordable at the same time that it formed a big fan base. Today, in western countries, you can still find Windsor Chair everywhere from ordinary people’s houses to upper-class mansions. For more than three hundred years, generations of designers have devoted themselves to creating their ideal Windsor Chair. Many Asian designers also give out their understanding of Windsor Chair
Thonet chair, No. 14
The No. 14 chair is the most famous chair made by the Gebruder Thonet chair company. Also known as the bistro chair, it was designed by Michael Thonet and was introduced to the public in 1859. The No. 14 chair is classic because it is both well-made and mass-produced. It is made of six pieces of steam-bent wood, ten screws, and two nuts, which makes it easy to be transported and to remain low-cost. The Thonet No. 14 chair was designed to meet a requirement for café-style chairs. Nowadays, No. 14 chairs are widely seen in cafés all over Europe and America.