Pina Bausch (1940.7.27－2009.6.30) was born in Solingen, Germany. She started learning classic ballet and modern dance in Folkwang School in early age. After graduation in 1959, Bausch left Germany with a scholarship from the German Academic Exchange Service to continue her studies at the Juilliard School in New York City in 1960. Her teachers included Antony Tudor, José Limón, Alfredo Corvino and Paul Taylor. She returned to Germany in 1963.
In 1972, Bausch started as artistic director of the Wuppertal Opera ballet, which was later renamed as the Tanztheater Wuppertal Pina Bausch. Two years later, her thrilling Frühlingsopfer (The Rite of Spring) based on Stravinsky’s work was released and soon caused a sensation. Critics deem it as the most outstanding version among about eighty versions.
The best productions of Pina Bausch all exceed three hours in time lengths, a guarantee that the cruelty is presented slowly and repeatedly. A man throws a woman on the ground, but the woman stands up. The man throws the woman on the ground again and the woman stands up again. The scene simply repeats itself again and again until the ridiculousness becomes this suffocating sadness: males and females, always hurting each other and getting hurt. In theater, dancers eat, smoke, fall in love, have fun, get hurt… Every single movement can be turned into part of the dance.
Pina’s work Kontakthof (1978)Pina’s work Café Müller (1978)